Friday, 2 September 2011

New Skills Festival - Etegami with Debbie

Today's guest is Debbie from Dosankodebbie's Etegami Notebook and is a fellow Etsy Japan team member. Debbie is a crafty soul who has spent most of her life on the island of Hokkaido, in the north of Japan, today she is going to share with you her love of the Japanese etagami postcard.

Welcome to the World of Etegami

I was born in Japan of non-Japanese parents, and have lived here now for half-a-century. That, and the fact that one of my parents was an artist, provided me with the perfect setting to soak in much of the rich and varied artistic traditions of my birth country. But it wasn’t until I tried my hand at etegami, that I found an art form that I wanted to practice for a lifetime.

Etegami is a Japanese folk art consisting of simple hand-painted images (usually on postcards) accompanied by a few apt words (often a seasonal greeting). Etegami is-- in principle-- a form of mail art, and the word itself translates to “picture-letter.” 

The basic concept has been around in Japan for a long time; the tradition of exchanging handmade New Years cards testifies to it. But the present-day surge in etegami popularity was spurred by the work of artist Koike Kunio. Koike is the current president of the Japan Etegami Society, and may rightly be considered the “father of the modern etegami movement.” The etegami motto, which he made famous, is “heta de ii, heta ga ii” This translates roughly to: “Clumsiness is not a problem. In fact clumsy etegami are often the most charming!” Encouraged by this motto, more and more people have taken up etegami as an enjoyable and relaxing pastime.There are very few hard-and-fast rules to etegami. However, etegami does have certain defining characteristics that distinguish it from other kinds of Japanese or Chinese art using similar inks, paints, and tools.Traditional etegami is (1) hand-drawn artwork accompanied by hand-drawn words on washi paper-- usually postcards, and (2) depicts subjects from everyday life, especially those that reflect the changing of the seasons.The equipment for traditional etegami includes (1) washi postcards with varying degrees of “bleed,” (2) natural fiber writing and painting brushes called fude, (3) sumi ink, (4) water-soluble, mineral-based, gansai paints, and (5) A name seal (chop) to affix to the work when it's finished.

The technique of traditional etegami usually involves (1) the wobbly, blotchy lines of inconsistent thickness called “living lines” that result from very, verrrry slow strokes of the ink brush when forming the outline of the image, (2) "laying" the colors on the card with your brush, and letting the color spread naturally according to the character of the washi paper used, rather than using strokes to spread the colors, (3) using a limited range of colors (three, at the most), and making these colors darker or lighter by judicious use of water, rather than by mixing different colors together, (4) leaving some uncolored areas within the outline of the image, rather than completely filling it in, and (5) leaving the background of the image blank.

However, I should add that etegami can be done on any kind of paper, with any kind of tools, and practically any technique. If you use paper that has very little “bleed,” simply “laying” the paint on the card may not work very well, so of course, in that case, you will have to use strokes. You can make etegami with crayons on cardboard, for that matter.
But it isn't etegami without the addition of words. And it isn't really etegami unless it is in a form that can be sent to someone through the postal system, although this does not necessarily limit it to postcards. Etegami can be sent in, or even painted on, an envelope. Digital artwork accompanied by words and emailed to someone could be considered etegami.

I started my blog, “dosankodebbie’s etegami notebook,” to introduce the world of etegami to the West. This is where I post samples of my work and discuss tools and techniques. I also have an Etsy shop, Dosankodebbie
for those love the etegami  style, but prefer to buy art rather than making it themselves.
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